Status of Schools in Madhya Pradesh/board of secondary education madhya pradesh/mp open school
Government Primary Schools :-81, 335
Financially Aided Primary Schools :- 961
Private Primary Schools :-13, 221
Government Secondary Schools :-24, 293
Financially Aided Secondary Schools :-370
Private Secondary Schools :-11, 236
Ashram Schools (Opening level) :-878
TOTAL NUMBER OF SCHOOLS:- 1, 32, 294
Education is a foundation stone for cultural, perceptional and sentimental development of a human being. True to the saying that a strong building can be constructed only on a strong and solid foundation. Similar is the role of education in human development. Education always reflects upon the heritage and identity of a Nation helpful in deciding its future course of action and direction. It is not limited only up to gaining literacy but is a strong medium of providing opportunities for the thorough and all round mental development of a person. In the context of education, Ruskin was of the view that:“The purpose of education is not only to impart knowledge on such subjects and matters hitherto unknown to a person, but also to inspire him to behave in such a befitting manner he is not used to till then”. Education is a strong medium of learning process, which opens up horizons of vast opportunities. It helps in removing the darkness of illiteracy and makes a visionary impact.
Education is on a cross road today, where on the one hand it has its valued golden heritage, but on the other it is facing a turbulent path full of challenges. In the progressive history of education, two concepts remain upper most i.e. quality of education and its equality to all. The quality of education started lowering down with the beginning of era of economic liberalization. It has been reduced to a mere service trade in the wider international context. Thus, instead of providing a value-based education, its course is being set depending upon the prevailing market trends. In the name of strategy for infrastructure investment, not only the international market has withdrawn itself from important educational programmes, but also the respective Governments started restricting themselves in this behalf. The expenditure on education is being constantly reduced. Aiming to influence the educational policy, the World Bank in the year 1986, declared its preference for imparting education to children at varying levels depending upon their respective standards of living. Apparently, with the sole objective of withdrawing from education, slowly and slowly a parallel infrastructure was being created in the guise of innovative plans. In nutshell, as a result of aforesaid pulls and pressures, the present form of education is at much variance from that of its original one.
Schools in Madhya Pradesh
It has been clearly mentioned in the Directive Principles of our Constitution that Government has to ensure ‘free and compulsory’ education for children up to 14 years of age. This provision was advocated for children of this age group, by the turn of century, while formulating the National Education Policy in 1986, duly amended in 1992. Since we are already in 21st Century now and while discussing the status of primary education in Madhya Pradesh, it reveals that literacy level in the Madhya Pradesh is 63.7%, which is slightly less than National level. It will be observed from the following tables of comparative statistical analysis that total number of admissions reduced during 2005-06 as compared to that of 2004-05:
Where are we standing today?
10th Five Year Plan (2002-2007) and present standing:
The 10th Plan period shall conclude by next year (2007) and thereafter, the implementation of 11th Five Year Plan shall commence. Therefore, it is necessary now to compare the objectives of 10th Plan with that of its achievements and as to how far we have traveled towards our targets – The movement for “Education to All” being an integral part of 10th Five Year Plan.
What is “Education to All” movement about
It is a World Bank supported movement with the concept to replace the traditional formal system of education. Meaning thereby that in case it is not possible either to provide alternative schooling or guaranteed education, then other courses, which may include even games courses, can be imparted. Thus, even if the Government succeeds in securing admissions, the question of quality shall still prevail. It is clearly reflected from this movement as to how the Government started pulling itself out from areas of essential public importance like education. However, the objectives of this “Education to All” movement are as under:
1. All the children to be school going by the year 2003.
2. It is to be ensured that all children up to 5 years of age to complete their primary schooling by the year 2007.
3. It is also to be ensured that by the year 2010 all children up to 8 years of age to complete their education up to primary level.
4. Emphasis on quality level of education.
5. Social and gender discriminations to be removed, initially at primary level, by the year 2007 and finally by 2010.
6. Dropping out of children is to be totally eliminated by the year 2010.
The targets, in terms of education, as set for 10th Five Year Plan, were as under:
1. To ensure higher secondary level of education within reach of all children.
2. To promote, encourage and create awareness amongst parents and children to attract maximum admissions in schools along with ensuring the continuity of education amongst children. Also to discourage the school leaving tendency of children.
3. To promote innovative methods, aimed to impart qualitative education to children at primary level.
4. To encourage the academic re-infrastructure.