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2019-03-19T10:58:29

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About Ayurveda Ayurveda is a 5, 000-year-old system of natural healing that has its origins in the Vedic culture of India. Although suppressed during years of foreign occupation, Ayurveda has been enjoying a major resurgence in both its native land and throughout the world. Tibetan medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine both have their roots in Ayurveda. Early Greek medicine also embraced many concepts originally described in the classical Ayurvedic medical texts dating back several thousands of years. More than a mere system of treating illness, Ayurveda is a science of life (Ayur = life, Veda = science or knowledge). It offers a body of wisdom designed to help people stay vital while realizing their full human potential. Providing guidelines on ideal daily and seasonal routines, diet, behavior and the proper use of our senses, Ayurveda reminds us that health is the balanced and dynamic integration between our environment, body, mind, and spirit. Tri-Dosha Recognizing that human beings are part of nature, Ayurveda describes three fundamental energies that govern our inner and outer environments: movement, transformation, and structure. Known in Sanskrit as Vata (Wind), Pitta (Fire), and Kapha (Earth), these primary forces are responsible for the characteristics of our mind and body. Body Types Each of us has a unique proportion of these three forces that shapes our nature. If Vata is dominant in our Ayurvedic Consultation system, we tend to be thin, light, enthusiastic, energetic, and changeable. If Pitta predominates in our nature, we tend to be intense, intelligent, and goal-oriented and we have a strong appetite for life. When Kapha prevails, we tend to be easy-going, methodical, and nurturing. Although each of us has all three forces, most people have one or two elements that predominate. For each element, there is a balanced and imbalance expression. When Vata is balanced, a person is lively and creative, but when there is too much movement in the system, a person tends to experience anxiety, insomnia, dry skin, constipation, and difficulty focusing. When Pitta is functioning in a balanced manner, a person is warm, friendly, disciplined, a good leader, and a good speaker. When Pitta is out of balance, a person tends to be compulsive and irritable and may suffer from indigestion or an inflammatory condition. When Kapha is balanced, a person is sweet, supportive, and stable but when Kapha is out of balance, a person may experience sluggishness, weight gain, and sinus congestion.
2019-03-19T10:53:28

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Agricultural Engineers Career, Salary and Education Information Following is everything you need to know about a career as an agricultural engineer with lots of details. As a first step, take a look at some of the following jobs, which are real jobs with real employers. You will be able to see the very real job career requirements for employers who are actively hiring. The link will open in a new tab so that you can come back to this page to continue reading about the career: Top 3 Agricultural Engineer Jobs Field engineer- Manager - Prospera Technologies - Grand Island, NE If you like the field and you have good communication and interpersonal skills, you should join us! ‍If you have: • Background in agriculture Environmental Consulting Operations Manager S. Florida - Environmental Resources Group - Remote ERG employs engineers, designers, planners, scientists and management and construction services professionals. The firm is a leader in the key Agricultural Engineer - The Trust for Tomorrow - Remote The position will work closely with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Wetland Reserve Easement Program (WRP/WRE) so prior experience See all Agricultural Engineer jobs What Agricultural Engineers Agricultural engineers attempt to solve agricultural problems concerning power supplies, the efficiency of machinery, the use of structures and facilities, pollution and environmental issues, and the storage and processing of agricultural products. Duties of Agricultural Engineers Agricultural engineers typically do the following: Use computer software to design equipment, systems, or structures Modify environmental factors that affect animal or crop production, such as airflow in a barn or runoff patterns on a field Test equipment to ensure its safety and reliability Oversee construction and production operations Plan and work together with clients, contractors, consultants, and other engineers to ensure effective and desirable outcomes Agricultural engineers work in farming, including aquaculture (farming of seafood), forestry, and food processing. They work on a wide variety of projects. For example, some agricultural engineers work to develop climate control systems that increase the comfort and productivity of livestock whereas others work to increase the storage capacity and efficiency of refrigeration. Many agricultural engineers attempt to develop better solutions for animal waste disposal. Those with computer programing skills work to integrate artificial intelligence and geospatial systems into agriculture. For example, they work to improve efficiency in fertilizer application or to automate harvesting systems. Work Environment for Agricultural Engineers[About this section] [To Top] Agricultural engineers hold about 2, 700 jobs. The largest employers of agricultural engineers were as follows: Crop production 21% Federal government, excluding postal service 14 Colleges, universities, and professional schools; state 11 Engineering services 10 Management, scientific, and technical consulting services 9 Agricultural engineers typically work in offices, but may spend time at a variety of worksites, both indoors and outdoors. They may travel to agricultural settings to see that equipment and machinery are functioning according to both the manufacturers' specifications and federal and state regulations. Some agricultural engineers occasionally work in laboratories to test the quality of processing equipment. They may work onsite when they supervise livestock facility upgrades or water resource management projects. Agricultural engineers work with others in designing solutions to problems or applying technological advances. They work with people from a variety of backgrounds, such as business, agronomy, animal sciences, and public policy. Agricultural Engineer Work Schedules Agricultural engineers typically work full time. Schedules may vary because of weather conditions or other complications. When working on outdoor projects, agricultural engineers may work more hours to take advantage of good weather or fewer hours in case of bad weather. In addition, agricultural engineers may need to be available outside of normal work hours to address unexpected problems that come up in manufacturing operations or rural construction projects. How to Become an Agricultural Engineer[About this section] [To Top] Get the education you need: Find schools for Agricultural Engineers near you! Agricultural engineers must have a bachelor's degree, preferably in agricultural engineering or biological engineering. Education for Agricultural Engineers Students who are interested in studying agricultural engineering will benefit from taking high school courses in math and science. University students take courses in advanced calculus, physics, biology, and chemistry. They also may take courses in business, public policy, and economics. Entry-level jobs in agricultural engineering require a bachelor's degree. Bachelor's degree programs in agricultural engineering or biological engineering typically include significant hands-on components in areas such as science, math, and engineering principles. Most colleges and universities encourage students to gain practical experience through projects such as participating in engineering competitions in which teams of students design equipment and attempt to solve real problems. ABET accredits programs in agricultural engineering. Important Qualities for Agricultural Engineers Analytical skills. Agricultural engineers must analyze the needs of complex systems that involve workers, crops, animals, machinery and equipment, and the environment. Communication skills. Agricultural engineers must understand the needs of clients, workers, and others working on a project. Furthermore, they must communicate their thoughts about systems and about solutions to any problems they have been working on. Math skills. Agricultural engineers use calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced mathematical disciplines for analysis, design, and troubleshooting. Problem-solving skills. Agricultural engineers' main role is to solve problems found in agricultural production. Goals may include designing safer equipment for food processing or reducing erosion. To solve these problems, agricultural engineers must creatively apply the principles of engineering.
2019-03-19T10:48:01

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About Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS), Bachelor of Business Administration (Financial Investment Analysis), BBA in Bachelors in Business Administration (BBA) are all the forms of Management at undergraduate level which regardless of the specialization, will provide a student with conceptual, theoretical and practical knowledge in various aspects of business like finance, economics, operations , marketing, basic accounting etc. The Students in this field get the practical exposure in their trainings. There are institutes which provide the 5 year integrated courses as well and Indian Institute of Management is the first among all the IIMs to introduce it. Why BBA? Better Job Opportunities can be the prime reason for doing BBA. There exist many sectors in which the students get placed. This presents lucrative career options in the world of business and corporate management. It gives an edge over other students due to the practical knowledge a student gets which is a good way to have the option of great career Growth. Larger Perspective of Business World is another advantage of the course. Students acquire management skills at very early stage .It helps student learn the knowledge of business world and act as a leader to take decisions in business world. In today's competitive world where everybody wishes to become an entrepreneur, this course helps you think more precisely on different aspects of running a business. It helps in building tactical skills. Greater challenges are faced during the course and you get 3 year's time period to learn the concepts comprehensively. The course helps develop a holistic approach towards management. Better pay packages at early stage of life. Person becomes financial independent just after schooling which gives confidence and lets the person develop strategic planning. It's a short term course as compared to MBA so investment is less compare to MBA and return is high. During the course of BBA, students study the concepts of marketing, sales, human resource, finance etc. It not only gives bookish knowledge but also provides practical knowledge through projects and practical's. If a student wishes to do MBA after his BBA degree then there are many advantages as he already had the knowledge of what will be covered in the MBA course, he can grasp things very easily and will have clear idea when choosing specializations. BBA Careers at a Glance After the completion of 3 year BBA program there are many sectors open as career options for these graduates. Some are mentioned below : Finance Sector Sales & Marketing Consulting services Human Resources Other Employment options In this sector a student gets the opportunity to work as: Financial analyst Management trainee Accountant
2019-03-19T10:44:57

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“Good health is an indication that the body and environment are in harmony, while illness is a sign of imbalance, on a spiritual, mental or physical level”. According to Ayurveda, the definition of health is a state in which the tridoshas, metabolic fires, body tissues, and components, and all the physiological processes are in perfect unison, and the sense organs, mind, and soul are in a state of total satisfaction and content. Over the period of a decade we excelled the application of Panchakarma therapeutic services in a wide range of clinical conditions covering immunological disorders, neurological, neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, digestive, auto immune, skin and so on.
2019-03-18T08:08:54

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AGRUCULTURE SPECIALIST JOB Recent Agricultural Specialist Job Listings Agriculture specialists' careers focus on consulting to provide advice to farmers and livestock producers. The field of agriculture is very broad so often, these individuals specialize in a specific area like animal science, economics, mechanics, soil science, or field crops, which means that the specialist role is different for everyone. However, agriculture specialists will be comfortable performing most of the following tasks as part of their job: Optimize field practices Crop modeling, soil mapping and weather modeling Be willing to approach agriculture holistically Be familiar with solutions like biotechnology, to advanced predictive and prescriptive analytics Design and implement field experiments Collect soil chemical and physical properties, Work collaboratively with other engineers and technicians on providing food science recommendations Collaborate with in-house personnel on many projects Work independently for methodological portions of the role Have a broad scope of knowledge that includes crop and soil science, meteorology, crop physiology, and related fields like predictive modeling Be able to perform GxE analyses, and other environmental modeling Be able to map soil, engage in yield modeling, and plant breeding. Have experience in computational statistics, data mining, model building Conduct research and experiments to improve the quantity and quality of field crops and farm animals Innovate new food products Develop new and better ways to process, package, and deliver food products Prepare and conduct advisory sessions for farmers, policy makers and other stakeholders Analyze agricultural data and report on findings Communicate with researchers, educators, government departments, and business managers Maintain records of yields and services Educate farmers and agricultural business owners on regulatory issues Request funds for agricultural development from research Making presentations to farmers, livestock producers, and agriculture businesses Respond to requests from clients Analyze soil composition as it relates to plant growth Communicate findings to colleagues, farmers, and the public Explore animal genetics, nutrition, reproduction, diseases, growth, and development Advise farmers on how to lower animal death rates, handle waste matter, and increase production Senior agricultural specialist jobs often entail a management component, which may include administration, operations and personnel. Such responsibilities may include: Enforce government regulations through inspections Write grant and business proposals for funding purposes Oversee the preservation of site integrity - especially critical in the field Engage in technical report preparation and submittal Foster a positive and safe work environment with mentorship opportunities Consult regarding project scope, schedules, and budgets Navigate regional, federal and international regulations, and best practices Oversee testing and calibrating of designs, equipment and instruments Oversee measurement taking and data recording Liaise with site and farm stakeholders Consult with farmers, engineers, fellow scientists, and government agencies regarding best practices Supervise fieldwork and lab work
2019-03-18T07:05:01

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BBA (Bachelor Of Business Administration) BBA Specialisations The specialisations in the Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) program are designed to provide students with a deeper level of expertise within a discipline, to improve students’ competitiveness upon entering the workforce. Each of the links below point to BBA specialisation pages that detail admission requirements and course structures. Accounting A specialisation in accounting is intended for business students wishing to pursue a Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA) designation after graduation. Entrepreneurship The courses and experiences related to the specialisation in entrepreneurship provide students with the knowledge and the experiential learning to start up a business or manage one in an entrepreneurial manner. Finance An understanding of financial concepts, qualitative and quantitative problem-solving skills, and rational decision-making practices are important learning outcomes of the courses in the specialisation in finance. International Business The international opportunities in today’s world are vast. Doing business internationally is also challenging. The specialisation in international business includes four business courses that provide an overview of those opportunities and challenges. Marketing The Bachelor of Business Administration degree with a specialisation in marketing is designed to introduce students to the core marketing function within the spectrum of business and further develop students’ theoretical and practical understanding of a full range of marketing activities. Organisational Management The specialisation in organisational management allows students to delve deeper into the broad, interdisciplinary domain of management and organisational studies by combining additional management courses with relevant courses in social science and liberal arts. Tourism and Hospitality The Bachelor of Business Administration degree with a specialisation in tourism and hospitality is designed for students who plan to work in the tourism and hospitality industry in a management capacity or as an entrepreneur.
2019-03-18T05:44:06

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INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM (Education boards in india) Indian education system is said to be old and mundane. In the times, when the organizations are looking for creative and enthusiastic individuals, the Indian schools train the young minds, to follow a set curriculum and behave as they are told for almost fifteen years of their lives. There is no freedom to provide suggestions or share ideas. There is a serious need to reform the Indian education system which in turn helps in developing smarter individuals. Need to Think Out of the Box There is a dire need to think out of the box if we want to make new inventions, bring positive changes in the society and prosper at a personal level. However, unfortunately our schools train us otherwise. They tie us to a set study schedule and keep us so busy with completing the assignments and learning theoretical lessons that there is no room left for creativity. The Indian education system must be changed to make way for creative thinking. Schools must focus on activities that challenge the student’s mind, hone their analytical skills and invoke their creative thinking ability. This will help them perform better in different fields as they grow up. Need for All Round Development The primary focus of the Indian education system is on academics. Here also the focus is not on understanding the concept and enhancing knowledge but only on mugging up the lessons with or without understanding them with the sole aim of attaining good marks. Even though some schools have extra-curricular activities, there is hardly one class per week for these activities. Education in the Indian schools has just been reduced to gaining theoretical knowledge which is not enough to raise an intelligent and responsible individual. The system must be changed to ensure the all round development of the students. Conclusion The people in power must understand that the Indian education system requires serious reforms. The system must change to develop students spiritually, morally, physically as well as mentally.
2019-03-15T08:24:40

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Status of Schools in Madhya Pradesh/board of secondary education madhya pradesh/mp open school Government Primary Schools :-81, 335 Financially Aided Primary Schools :- 961 Private Primary Schools :-13, 221 Government Secondary Schools :-24, 293 Financially Aided Secondary Schools :-370 Private Secondary Schools :-11, 236 Ashram Schools (Opening level) :-878 TOTAL NUMBER OF SCHOOLS:- 1, 32, 294 Education is a foundation stone for cultural, perceptional and sentimental development of a human being. True to the saying that a strong building can be constructed only on a strong and solid foundation. Similar is the role of education in human development. Education always reflects upon the heritage and identity of a Nation helpful in deciding its future course of action and direction. It is not limited only up to gaining literacy but is a strong medium of providing opportunities for the thorough and all round mental development of a person. In the context of education, Ruskin was of the view that:“The purpose of education is not only to impart knowledge on such subjects and matters hitherto unknown to a person, but also to inspire him to behave in such a befitting manner he is not used to till then”. Education is a strong medium of learning process, which opens up horizons of vast opportunities. It helps in removing the darkness of illiteracy and makes a visionary impact. Education is on a cross road today, where on the one hand it has its valued golden heritage, but on the other it is facing a turbulent path full of challenges. In the progressive history of education, two concepts remain upper most i.e. quality of education and its equality to all. The quality of education started lowering down with the beginning of era of economic liberalization. It has been reduced to a mere service trade in the wider international context. Thus, instead of providing a value-based education, its course is being set depending upon the prevailing market trends. In the name of strategy for infrastructure investment, not only the international market has withdrawn itself from important educational programmes, but also the respective Governments started restricting themselves in this behalf. The expenditure on education is being constantly reduced. Aiming to influence the educational policy, the World Bank in the year 1986, declared its preference for imparting education to children at varying levels depending upon their respective standards of living. Apparently, with the sole objective of withdrawing from education, slowly and slowly a parallel infrastructure was being created in the guise of innovative plans. In nutshell, as a result of aforesaid pulls and pressures, the present form of education is at much variance from that of its original one. Schools in Madhya Pradesh Primary Education: It has been clearly mentioned in the Directive Principles of our Constitution that Government has to ensure ‘free and compulsory’ education for children up to 14 years of age. This provision was advocated for children of this age group, by the turn of century, while formulating the National Education Policy in 1986, duly amended in 1992. Since we are already in 21st Century now and while discussing the status of primary education in Madhya Pradesh, it reveals that literacy level in the Madhya Pradesh is 63.7%, which is slightly less than National level. It will be observed from the following tables of comparative statistical analysis that total number of admissions reduced during 2005-06 as compared to that of 2004-05: Where are we standing today? 10th Five Year Plan (2002-2007) and present standing: The 10th Plan period shall conclude by next year (2007) and thereafter, the implementation of 11th Five Year Plan shall commence. Therefore, it is necessary now to compare the objectives of 10th Plan with that of its achievements and as to how far we have traveled towards our targets – The movement for “Education to All” being an integral part of 10th Five Year Plan. What is “Education to All” movement about It is a World Bank supported movement with the concept to replace the traditional formal system of education. Meaning thereby that in case it is not possible either to provide alternative schooling or guaranteed education, then other courses, which may include even games courses, can be imparted. Thus, even if the Government succeeds in securing admissions, the question of quality shall still prevail. It is clearly reflected from this movement as to how the Government started pulling itself out from areas of essential public importance like education. However, the objectives of this “Education to All” movement are as under: 1. All the children to be school going by the year 2003. 2. It is to be ensured that all children up to 5 years of age to complete their primary schooling by the year 2007. 3. It is also to be ensured that by the year 2010 all children up to 8 years of age to complete their education up to primary level. 4. Emphasis on quality level of education. 5. Social and gender discriminations to be removed, initially at primary level, by the year 2007 and finally by 2010. 6. Dropping out of children is to be totally eliminated by the year 2010. The targets, in terms of education, as set for 10th Five Year Plan, were as under: 1. To ensure higher secondary level of education within reach of all children. 2. To promote, encourage and create awareness amongst parents and children to attract maximum admissions in schools along with ensuring the continuity of education amongst children. Also to discourage the school leaving tendency of children. 3. To promote innovative methods, aimed to impart qualitative education to children at primary level. 4. To encourage the academic re-infrastructure.
2019-03-15T08:13:22

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Trees produces oxygen that is life line of all living beings. In the hot summer we usually plan trips in the hilly areas. But if the rate of cutting Trees remains same then we don’t have enough Trees to plan a trip, seasonal raining and amount of fresh oxygen will no longer be available. Trees helps to clean the air, soil and water, making the earth a beautiful livable place. Living close to trees makes us healthier and happier. Its time to SAVE Trees, protect forests and spread awareness. If you want to save trees, you can help by protecting those that grow around your home, and planting more Trees. Reduce the use of paper products, too. According to our little understanding we have found few ways to protect Trees, you can also follow them , motivate your friends and family members to join hands together to save our beautiful earth or you can join an organization working to save Tress around your home town. 1. Saving Trees Around You Every town and city has laws dictating which tree species need to be protected and when and how it’s OK to cut down trees. In some areas, trees that are delicate, rare or extremely beneficial are protected by law. Knowing the laws in your area will help you be a better advocate for the trees there. save-trees-save-earth-website 2. What you can do to save the Tree Speak up to save the tree, rather than just letting it get cut down. Get together with other people who care about saving trees in your area and make it clear that you object to cutting down healthy trees. Even if there’s no law against cutting down the tree, if enough people think trees are important and need to be protected, you might be able to create change. Even if it’s too late for this particular tree, you’ll set a precedent for next time. Here are a few things you can do: • Write a letter of objection to your city forester or city council member. • Start a petition to change policies or protect certain trees. Rally neighbors to get involved in saving the neighborhood trees. • Get the media involved by sending a letter to the editor or contacting a local TV station. 3. Participate in Tree plantation As important as it is to protect mature trees, it’s also essential to think ahead and plant new trees that will eventually get tall enough to contribute to the canopy, clean the air and help keep temperatures cool. Many towns and cities have organizations like Portland, Oregon’s Friends of Trees[5] working to plant trees in areas that have too few. If your town or city doesn’t have a similar organization, why not start one yourself? Tree by tree, you can make a difference. • The type of tree you plant matters. Talk with an arborist about which species are native to your area and will eventually get big enough to clean the air and water. Small, ornamental trees won’t contribute much. • Buying trees can get expensive. See if there’s a nursery nearby that shares your views on trees and could give your group a discount on baby trees. savetreessaveearth-img2 4. Reduce paper use Reducing your use of paper products in order to save trees can seem abstract, since you never see the trees that get turned into items like paper towels and napkins. But it’s important to start seeing the connection between the trees you love and the products you use, since somewhere trees where cut down, processed into pulp, bleached and pressed into the shape of tissues you can use to blow your nose on. If you’re passionate about saving trees, look for ways to use fewer paper products in your daily life • Use cloth towels instead of paper towels. It’s a simple change that can reduce a lot of unnecessary waste. • Use cloth napkins instead of paper napkins. They’re more elegant, anyway. • Use handkerchiefs instead of tissues. It might take some getting used to, but handkerchiefs are actually softer on your skin than tissues, so you might like them better. • Use reusable containers instead of paper lunch bags. • If you must use a paper product, always buy the recycled version. At least you’ll know it’s not made from virgin pulp. Choose the paperless options for bills. This simple switch will make your life less cluttered and reduce the number of dead trees on your conscience. If you still get paper bills sent to your house, go online and make the switch to the paperless option. You can opt to receive notifications that a bill is due via email, rather than having to check the mail. 5. Eat less beef The production of meat in general requires tons of resources. Factory farms need space, water and food for animals they raise for food. Beef products are particularly hard on trees, since Amazonian rain forests are being cut down to make way for cattle ranches. 154703593_640 6. Save: remaining Forests Forests in Brazil, Russia, Canada and other parts of the world are being cut down or burned by forest fires every day. 78 million acres of rainforest are lost every single year. Scientists posit that if forest destruction continues at this rate, 80 to 90 percent of rain forests will by gone by 2020. Since forests play an essential part in keeping our planet healthy, stopping their destruction can’t happen soon enough. • Most forests are destroyed to provide space for agriculture or developments, to provide wood for paper products, or by forest fires that have increased in severity since the advent of global warming. • Saving forests must be a global effort, but there are things you can do to contribute, even if you live nowhere near a rain forest. Share your love for trees and forests with other people. Showing those in your life that you care about trees is a good way to help other people start taking action, too. Many people simply don’t realize how important old growth forests are to the health of the planet, including its human population. The more people who understand and care, the more likely destructive practices will be brought to a halt. • Spread the word on social media. When you see a story related to the state of the earth’s forest, share what you think about it and encourage others to comment. • Show that standing up for trees is something you believe in. Since saving trees will require a change in lifestyle, some people oppose the idea. By making it clear that saving trees is something you believe is valuable, you’ll be acting as a role model to others. 7. Donate to a nonprofit working to save forests There are many nonprofits dedicated to saving forests across the world, and they are all in need of donations. Find one you trust and consider making a donation. • For example, Greenpeace is working to stop deforestation. It has projects around the world aimed at saving forests that are under threat.
2019-03-15T07:41:00

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How the Internet Has Changed Everyday Life Change | Communication | Culture | Internet | education boards in india The Internet has turned our existence upside down. It has revolutionized communications, to the extent that it is now our preferred medium of everyday communication. In almost everything we do, we use the Internet. Ordering a pizza, buying a television, sharing a moment with a friend, sending a picture over instant messaging. Before the Internet, if you wanted to keep up with the news, you had to walk down to the newsstand when it opened in the morning and buy a local edition reporting what had happened the previous day. But today a click or two is enough to read your local paper and any news source from anywhere in the world, updated up to the minute. The Internet itself has been transformed. In its early days—which from a historical perspective are still relatively recent—it was a static network designed to shuttle a small freight of bytes or a short message between two terminals; it was a repository of information where content was published and maintained only by expert coders. Today, however, immense quantities of information are uploaded and downloaded over this electronic leviathan, and the content is very much our own, for now we are all commentators, publishers, and creators. In the 1980s and 1990s, the Internet widened in scope to encompass the IT capabilities of universities and research centers, and, later on, public entities, institutions, and private enterprises from around the world. The Internet underwent immense growth; it was no longer a state-controlled project, but the largest computer network in the world, comprising over 50, 000 sub-networks, 4 million systems, and 70 million users. The emergence of web 2.0 in the first decade of the twenty-first century was itself a revolution in the short history of the Internet, fostering the rise of social media and other interactive, crowd-based communication tools. The Internet was no longer concerned with information exchange alone: it was a sophisticated multidisciplinary tool enabling individuals to create content, communicate with one another, and even escape reality. Today, we can send data from one end of the world to the other in a matter of seconds, make online presentations, live in parallel “game worlds, ” and use pictures, video, sound, and text to share our real lives, our genuine identity. Personal stories go public; local issues become global. The rise of the Internet has sparked a debate about how online communication affects social relationships. The Internet frees us from geographic fetters and brings us together in topic-based communities that are not tied down to any specific place. Ours is a networked, globalized society connected by new technologies. The Internet is the tool we use to interact with one another, and accordingly poses new challenges to privacy and security. Information technologies have wrought fundamental change throughout society, driving it forward from the industrial age to the networked era. In our world, global information networks are vital infrastructure—but in what ways has this changed human relations? The Internet has changed business, education, government, healthcare, and even the ways in which we interact with our loved ones—it has become one of the key drivers of social evolution. The changes in social communication are of particular significance. Although analogue tools still have their place in some sectors, new technologies are continuing to gain ground every day, transforming our communication practices and possibilities—particularly among younger people. The Internet has removed all communication barriers. Online, the conventional constraints of space and time disappear and there is a dizzyingly wide range of communicative possibilities. The impact of social media applications has triggered discussion of the “new communication democracy.” The development of the Internet today is being shaped predominantly by instant, mobile communications. The mobile Internet is a fresh revolution. Comprehensive Internet connectivity via smartphones and tablets is leading to an increasingly mobile reality: we are not tied to any single specific device, and everything is in the cloud. People no longer spend hours gazing at a computer screen after work or class; instead, they use their mobile devices to stay online everywhere, all the time. Anyone failing to keep abreast of this radical change is losing out on an opportunity. COMMUNICATION OPPORTUNITIES CREATED BY THE INTERNET The Internet has become embedded in every aspect of our day-to-day lives, changing the way we interact with others. This insight struck me when I started out in the world of social media. I created my first social network in 2005, when I was finishing college in the United States—it had a political theme. I could already see that social media were on the verge of changing our way of communicating, helping us to share information by opening up a new channel that cuts across conventional ones. That first attempt did not work out, but I learned from the experience.I get the feeling that in many countries failure is punished too harshly—but the fact is, the only surefire way of avoiding failure is to do nothing at all. I firmly believe that mistakes help you improve; getting it wrong teaches you how to get it right. Creativity, hard work, and a positive attitude will let you achieve any goal. In 2006, after I moved to Spain, I created Tuenti. Tuenti (which, contrary to widespread belief, has nothing to do with the number 20; it is short for “tu entidad, ” the Spanish for “your entity”) is a social communication platform for genuine friends. From the outset, the idea was to keep it simple, relevant, and private. That’s the key to its success. I think the real value of social media is that you can stay in touch from moment to moment with the people who really matter to you. Social media let you share experiences and information; they get people and ideas in touch instantly, without frontiers. Camaraderie, friendship, and solidarity—social phenomena that have been around for as long as humanity itself—have been freed from the conventional restrictions of space and time and can now thrive in a rich variety of ways. Out of all the plethora of communication opportunities that the Internet has opened up, I would highlight the emergence of social media and the way they have intricately melded into our daily lives. Social media have changed our personal space, altering the way we interact with our loved ones, our friends, and our sexual partners; they have forced us to rethink even basic daily processes like studying and shopping; they have affected the economy by nurturing the business startup culture and electronic commerce; they have even given us new ways to form broad-based political movements. The Internet and Education The Internet has clearly impacted all levels of education by providing unbounded possibilities for learning. I believe the future of education is a networked future. People can use the Internet to create and share knowledge and develop new ways of teaching and learning that captivate and stimulate students’ imagination at any time, anywhere, using any device. By connecting and empowering students and educators, we can speed up economic growth and enhance the well-being of society throughout the world. We should work together, over a network, to build the global learning society. The network of networks is an inexhaustible source of information. What’s more, the Internet has enabled users to move away from their former passive role as mere recipients of messages conveyed by conventional media to an active role, choosing what information to receive, how, and when. The information recipient even decides whether or not they want to stay informed.
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